Overview of Twisted Web


Twisted Web is a web application server written in pure Python, with APIs at multiple levels of abstraction to facilitate different kinds of web programming.

Twisted Web’s Structure


When the Web Server receives a request from a Client, it creates a Request object and passes it on to the Resource system. The Resource system dispatches to the appropriate Resource object based on what path was requested by the client. The Resource is asked to render itself, and the result is returned to the client.


Resources are the lowest-level abstraction for applications in the Twisted web server. Each Resource is a 1:1 mapping with a path that is requested: you can think of a Resource as a single “page” to be rendered. The interface for making Resources is very simple; they must have a method named render which takes a single argument, which is the Request object (an instance of twisted.web.server.Request ). This render method must return a string, which will be returned to the web browser making the request. Alternatively, they can return a special constant, twisted.web.server.NOT_DONE_YET , which tells the web server not to close the connection; you must then use request.write(data) to render the page, and call request.finish() whenever you’re done.

Web programming with Twisted Web

Web programmers seeking a higher level abstraction than the Resource system should look at Nevow . Nevow is based on ideas previously developed in Twisted, but is now maintained outside of Twisted to easy development and release cycle pressures.